E-Waste

Unwanted Electronic Gear Rising in Toxic Piles

Here is another entry in Students Article category of official blog of Imperial College. Ms. Rajeevi, a full-time student of Imperial College of Business Studies-Bangalore, shares her thought on the rising problems of waste management, specially when it comes to waste products generated from outdated electronic devices. Such waste products are not recyclable due to their obsolete usage and subsequent isolation in the backdrop of concurrent technological advancement. And as a result,  it arises severe environmental hazards. Read more about it below. Happy Reading !

Rajeevi, Student, Imperial College of Business Studies-Bangalore

Rajeevi, Student, Imperial College of Business Studies-Bangalore

Last year, two inspectors from California’s hazardous waste agency were visiting an electronics recycling company near Fresno for a routine review of paperwork when they came across a warehouse the size of a football field, packed with tens of thousands of old computer monitors and televisions.

The crumbling cardboard boxes, stacked in teetering rows, 9 feet high and 14 feet deep, were so sprawling that the inspectors needed cell phones to keep track of each other. The layer of broken glass on the floor and the lead-laden dust in the air was so thick that the inspectors soon left over safety concerns. Weeks later, the owner of the recycling company disappeared, abandoning the waste, and leaving behind a toxic hazard and a costly cleanup for the state and the warehouse’s owner.

As recently as a few years ago, broken monitors and televisions like those piled in the warehouse were being recycled profitably. The big, glassy funnels inside these machines — known as cathode ray tubes, or CRTs — were melted down and turned into new ones.

But flat-screen technology has made those monitors and televisions obsolete, decimating the demand for the recycled tube glass used in them and creating what industry experts call a “glass tsunami” as stockpiles of the useless material accumulate across the country.

The predicament has highlighted how small changes in the marketplace can suddenly transform a product into a liability and demonstrates the difficulties that federal and state environmental regulators face in keeping up with these rapid shifts.

“Lots of smaller recyclers are in over their heads, and the risk that they might abandon their stockpiles is very real,” said Jason Linnell of the Electronics Recycling Coordination Clearinghouse, an organization that represents state environmental regulators, electronics manufacturers and recyclers. In February, the group sent a letter to the Environmental Protection Agency asking for immediate help dealing with the rapidly growing stockpiles of the glass, much of which contains lead.

With so few buyers of the leaded glass from the old monitors and televisions, recyclers have collected payments from states and electronics companies to get rid of the old machines. A small number of recyclers have developed new technology for cleaning the lead from the tube glass, but the bulk of this waste is being stored, sent to landfills or smelters, or disposed of in other ways that experts say are environmentally destructive.

In 2004, recyclers were paid more than $200 a ton to provide glass from these monitors for use in new cathode ray tubes. The same companies now have to pay more than $200 a ton to get anyone to take the glass off their hands.

So instead of recycling the waste, many recyclers have been storing millions of the monitors in warehouses, according to industry officials and experts. The practice is sometimes illegal since there are federal limits on how long a company can house the tubes, which are environmentally dangerous. Each one can include up to eight pounds of lead.

The scrap metal industry estimates that the amount of electronic waste has more than doubled in the past five years.

A little over a decade ago, there were at least 12 plants in the United States and 13 more worldwide that were taking these old televisions and monitors and using the cathode ray tube glass to produce new tubes. But now, there are only two plants in India doing this work.

In 2009, after television broadcasters turned off their analog signals nationwide in favor of digital, millions of people threw away their old televisions and replaced them with sleeker flat-screen models. Since then, thousands of pounds of old televisions and other electronic waste have been surreptitiously unloaded at landfills in Nevada and Ohio and on roadsides in California and Maine.

Most experts say that the larger solution to the growing electronic waste problem is for technology companies to design products that last longer, use fewer toxic components and are more easily recycled. Much of the industry, however, seems to be heading in the opposite direction.

Cathode ray tubes have been largely replaced by flat panels that use fluorescent lights with highly toxic mercury in them, said Jim Puckett, director of Basel Action Network, an environmental advocacy group. Used panel screens from LCD televisions and monitors, for example, do not have much recycling value; so many recyclers are sending them to landfills.

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Student Speak : How to Give a Speech by Shwetha.S (PGDM – 2nd Year)

You’ve already prepared and rehearsed your presentation. Now the big day has arrived. 

Here’s what you can do to give a speech you can be proud of.

Shwetha.S (PGDM - 2nd Year)

Shwetha.S (PGDM – 2nd Year)

 Arrive early

Check out the room. Make adjustments to the seating and lighting, if necessary. Test the microphone, if you’re going to be using one. Set up and test your audiovisual equipment. Speak to the person who’s going to introduce you. Greet people as they arrive and begin establishing a connection with them. (Leaders take responsibility not just for their speeches, but for the event.)

Adjust your attitude
Remember that the audience wants you to succeed. (What audience really wants to sit through a boring or incoherent talk?) And remind yourself that you want your audience to succeed. (Your proposal or idea is going to help them solve a problem, achieve a goal, or satisfy a need, right?)

Smile
Even before you begin your speech, people will be looking you over, checking you out. Look confident – even if you don’t feel it – and excited – as opposed to fearful – and you’ll start on the right foot.

Walk to the podium with confidence
When you’re introduced, walk confidently to the podium and shake the hand of the person who introduced you.

Establish your space
If you’re speaking from the podium, set your notes down. Adjust the microphone so it points to your mouth. Plant your feet. Take a breath. Look up. Take another breath. (This sounds like a lot to do, but it only takes 5 or 10 seconds.) If you’re speaking without a podium, walk to where you want to stand. Plant your feet. Take a breath. Look at your audience. Take another breath.

Connect with your audience
Look at your audience one person at a time. Don’t address the audience as a whole. Speak to individuals. Look at one person. Establish eye contact. And speak to that person for 5 to 7 seconds. Then find someone else to look at and repeat the process.

Speak from notes or memory
Don’t read your text. And, if you’re using PowerPoint, don’t read your slides. You will bore everyone – including yourself – to death. Use the PowerPoint slides, an outline, handouts, or 3 by 5 cards to jog your memory. Remember, your aim is to communicate a message, not say each and every word you planned on speaking.

Speak as if you are holding an animated conversation
Say “I” and “you.” Anything else – “this speaker” or “yours truly” – sounds pompous. Avoid saying “you,” however, in a judgmental or blaming context. (Almost any statement that begins with “you people” is bound to end badly.) Speak in language, images, and terms that the audience readily understands. If you need to use jargon, define it immediately unless you are absolutely convinced that every person in your audience understands it.

Be yourself
If you have a good sense of humor, use it. If you’re a wonderful storyteller, by all means tell a story. Never imitate another speaker, even a good one. You’ll sound – and feel – phony. Don’t try to be unique or interesting. Be as fully and completely yourself, unrestrained by your fears and desire to please others, and you will be both unique and interesting.
If you make a mistake, apologize and go on. Laugh at yourself and your audience will love you for it,

Convey yourself – your feelings and commitment – not just your content
Dale Carnegie wrote, “There are three cardinal rules of public speaking:
1) Speak about something you have earned the right to talk about through experience or study.
2) Be excited about your subject.
3) Be eager to share your talk with your listeners.”

– Shwetha.S (PGDM – 2nd Year)

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Student Speak : Emotional Intelligence by Mr.Y Jyothi Swaroop Venni (PGDM)

Just like everyone else I reached Bangalore with lot of hopes and I am fortunate to find the B- school IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF BUSINESS STUDIES (ICBS). The concept that is lingering me ever since I reached Bangalore is EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE.  I found it to be very interesting, which gave me a new feeling and solved many mysterious questions hither to left unanswered in my mind. Emotional intelligence enables one to deal with any situation and make most out of life.

The origin of my curiosity into this topic goes back to some bad experience I had in my childhood. Ours is a small family that comprised my mother, my father, my sister and me. Like every brother I used to fight with my only sister for several reason

Mr.Y Jyothi Swaroop Venni

Mr.Y Jyothi Swaroop Venni

s and always ended up with lot of counseling from my parents. One day we had a family gathering I was depressed that I don’t a new dress to wear when my father tried to explain me I suddenly shouted at him with a fierce voice and I said “why do you always try to counsel me and keep your daughter comfortable, why don’t you treat me like your son”, with that my dad was upset and left the place in silence, my mother didn’t speak to me for several days. Just like this I had face many situations in my life filled with emotions, but I never had been able to master them but one incident that moved me the most and deep routed in my mind.

I live in a small town in Vijayawada we own a house in the middle of the city. Rent is the only source of income for my family. As usual at the end of the month I went to collect the rent from tenant’s rambabu and Sri Devi a beautiful couple with three children, they told me that they are in financial crisis and requested to weeks’ time to pay the rent or so I returned. To my surprise Sri Devi started quarreling and it went on for hours and next day morning the house was full of silence. Sri Devi hanged herself to death. These questions gave rise to lot of questions in my mind. Only questions and questions without answers. I found the answer almost after 8 years far away from home in Bangalore well it’s never too late to learn emotional intelligence.

Many people don’t know about emotional intelligence. Some people take it lightly. Those are the people who suffer most as emotions get better of them. Emotional intelligence can be defined as.

“The ability to understand, identifies, assess and control the emotions of one self, of others and groups”. Without emotional intelligence we lack self-awareness hence we fail to understand our own feelings. To understand our self and others we have to keep track of certain crucial emotions like

Anger, frustration, depression, anxiety, insecurity, and uneasiness.

Our families help us to shape our attitudes about emotions, our ability to identify emotions, our way of interpreting events and our ways of expressing emotions. In families failure to understand each other’s emotions are likely to have a long term consequences. Children raised by parents who have problem in understanding each other’s emotions are likely to develop emotional problems of their own. So in the above examples even though I shouted at my father, his silence made me to realize that I am supposed to control my emotions while communicating to elders. In other case the reason for the fight between rambabu and Sri Devi is not the question of money but lack of understanding and control in emotions. If they had had emotional intelligence their children would not have been orphans.

The rise in divorce cases suggests that many people lack emotional intelligence. Exposure or training on emotional intelligence will help you encounter situations in life easily. E I helps you to resonate with so many people in effectively. It helps to focus on behaviors of others as well as you. That will help to improve relations in family and at work place.

Many people are disconnected from their emotions due to negative childhood experience which make them bottle up their feelings. Parents should spare some time of their busy schedules to listen to their child’s emotions and also keep track of them to help them learn E.I

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STUDENT SPEAK : Hari Kumar Kotakonda shares his view on the Importance of Career Planning

STUDENT SPEAK :  Hari Kumar Kotakonda, PGDM 2012 -14, shares his views on the importance of Career Planning.

Deciding about your future is not quite easy. The task becomes even more complex when you have so much information, so many people whose opinions you cannot ignore, stiff competition to encounter and so many pressures to cope with.

Everyone needs to straighten out thoughts concerning the future. What am I really going to do? Can I really get there? How? Am I sure of the routes? What are the risks? If I don’t make it do I have any other options? Where? When? Are my subjects appropriate? Most students come face to face with such questions at some time or another. Why not then begin the process of career decision making in a rational manner to eliminate any chances for regret.
The process of career planning stretches through the secondary and senior secondary years at school. It essentially requires an adequate understanding of oneself in terms of academic potentials, attributes, talents, interests, personality, values, expectations and resources. This basic understanding helps in location of suitable options. It has been observed that when planned routes to a career or optional careers are chalked out during school years, keeping in mind all attributes, preparation to enter a course and career are adequately motivated and effective. This motivation stirs the young through preparation, study, competition and self-confidence.

Hari Kumar Kotakonda, PGDM 2012 -14, Imperial College Of Business Studies

Good career planning envisages a match between requirements for a job, aptitudes, interest, personality and expectations. Awareness of “true” motivation, aspiration, strengths, dislikes, limitations and weaknesses are essential. This awareness must be as specific as possible. It must be backed by actual achievements and behaviors and if required, supplemented by objective test results (only by qualified experienced counselors). The test results, however, are often used loosely for giving judgment on suitability of career options. I would caution students and parents against the singular use of testing results for career decision making.
When you are choosing a career, you have to consider what you expect from your job – power, money, status, discipline, command or challenge. Interest in the job is absolutely vital for growth in any profession.
You may have noticed some people complaining perpetually about work. It may be worthwhile investigating, why is it so? Unflagging involvement comes with interest and reinforcements come in the form of promotion, monetary incentives, recognition and involvement. Progress comes with determination as well as concerted effort. Success leads to what is generally termed as ‘job-satisfaction’. In choosing a career it is important that you know yourself well, what you want from your profession and also what the world of occupation has to offer.

 

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